Dr. Anup Ghosal was born and brought up in a musical family. He has been a born talent whose witness the world is today. He was born to Lt. Amulya Chandra Ghosal and Lt. Labanya Ghosal. Mother Labanya had been the main source of inspiration for little Anup. She herself had a god gifted sonorous voice. Apart from Anup, his elder sisters too were good singers in their respective capacities and that made the perfect musical environment for Anup to imbibe music into his inner self.

At the tender age of 4 yrs, his mother arranged for his musical training. She understood that she had given birth to a musical maestro. His first performance took place at the young age of 4 ½ yrs, when he sang for a children's programme, Shishu Mahal from All India Radio, Kolkata.

Dr. Ghosal's music lessons which began from the age of four continued till he was about 26 yrs of age. During his entire learning years he became a master of Thumri, Kheyal, Bhajan, Ragpradhan, Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrulgeeti, Dwijendrageeti, Rajnikanter Gaan, modern Bengali songs and several other folks songs. He received his music lessons from various esteemed 'Gurus'. Among them was late Sangeetacharya Sukhendu Goswami, the famous music maestro of Bengal. Rabindra Sangeet from the legendary Debobrata Biswas and learnt different Bengali songs from Manindra Chakraborty.

Apart from musical learnings he did his graduation in humanities from Asutosh College, Kolkata. He did his Masters as well as Ph. D from Rabindra Bharati University. His thesis was entitled "Nazrulgeeti - Roop O Rashanabhuti". During his school and college days, Anup took part in many reputed music competitions(All India) where he secured highest marks in different classical, light classical, Bengali songs(traditional and modern), Rabindra Sangeet and folk songs.

Anup stood first in 'Sangeet Bharati Degree Examination'(classical music) in the year 1966-67 and was awarded a gold medal. He is a National Scholar, selected in 1966-67(securing highest position in classical music).

Anup's first venture into movies as a playback singer was at the age of 19 yrs, when he sang for the movie of all times, 'Goopi Gyne Bagha Byne', by the legendary Satyajit Ray. His association with Ray continued which made him the rightful recipient of National Award in 1981 for 'Hirak Rajar Deshe'. He has sung for various Bengali as well as Hindi movies, and also in Bhojpuri and Assamese.

Dr. Ghosal has visited UK, USA, Canada, Germany for various musical concerts. He has been equally appreciated in the countries abroad as has been in India. He still visits the Western countries to promote Indian Musical Culture with special reference to Bengali songs along with folk songs of Bengal.

Anup Ghosal has also written an authoritative book on Indian Music, "Ganer Bhubane". He believes that music is universal and is the best unifying force. Researchers have proved that tribal music in India, from east to west and from north to south, is basically the same, only the notes have changed slightly due to different dictions. There is a lot of similarity between the Russian folk songs and the Bengali Bhatiyali songs. He believes that the future of Indian classical music is bright.

Anup Ghosal has been elected as one of the members of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly from Uttarpara Constituency (Hoogly 185) as a candidate of All India Trinamool Congress headed by Ms. Mamta Bandopadhayay in 2011