Modern interior design generally refers to a clean and uncluttered contemporary style which began in the late 19th Century. In its most purest form, modernism represents a total fuss-free attitude to life. Because of this, modern designers maintained relatively low levels of ornamentation while emphasizing uniform materials throughout the room. This minimalist approach to design has become extremely popular with homeowners who are uninterested in an abundance of decoration. Although there are no clear influences from ancient Rome or the Greeks, modernists have infused their styles with elements derived from art and architecture.
Although there is no one single modern interior design concept, modernism generally involves a rejection of traditional styles and a focus on efficiency and productivity. This was exemplified in its early phases by the adoption of cubicles, which facilitated increased focus on reducing overhead space. Although the cubicle still has a place in many modern offices, cubicles are not the only way to achieve efficiency. With increasing concerns over the environment and high gas costs, the invention of the white board became a standard in many schools and offices.
The influence of modern art is easy to see in interiors. It can be observed in such popular designs as the Cubist movement, which was heavily based on modern art movements. It can also be found in the styles of Monet and Warhol. Like the cubicle, the whiteboard became a common component in modern interior design.
Clean lines and simplicity were two other influential concepts of the modern interior design. Clean lines are a departure from conventional styles, which can often make rooms seem cramped. In contrast, the simplicity of modernism is a departure from the more ornate styles of previous decades. Although both concepts are similar, their meaning is different. Simplicity here refers to the absence of ornamentation and embellishments.
Another trend in modern interior design is the use of large windows, which allow natural light to stream into the rooms. In addition to this, spaces are kept as open as possible, with the walls often framed by glass. Large windows are commonly associated with spaciousness. In fact, in some modern homes the entire first floor is taken up by the windows. However, in this type of living, airiness is preferred, as the feeling of openness is avoided.
As mentioned previously, one of the most important features of modern interior design is the use of straight lines. Unlike earlier styles, the straightness of lines is intended to make rooms appear less crowded. Moreover, to emphasize the importance of space, the use of curves and angles is minimal.
With modern interior design, emphasis is also placed on natural materials. Although hardwood and rich colors were the most common options in the past, with the introduction of more eco-friendly materials such as pressed linoleum and bamboo, homeowners are now more adventurous when it comes to their color choices. Also, they are looking for easy maintenance and low cost. Natural materials, such as granite and stone, are very popular in modern designs. These materials are durable and beautiful, while being very affordable.
With the focus on clean lines in modern interior design, a plethora of choices is now available. Materials such as brick and stone can be combined with various colors, giving interiors a vibrant feel. Furthermore, wall treatments are essential, as they can either soften or dominate the entire feel of the room. Colors and patterns are also essential, especially since the feel of a space depends a lot on the color scheme. However, it is important to remember that while maximalism is great, it should not become the dominant trend in the interior world.